AGRICULTURAL SITUATION IN EUROPE, WALLONIA, FRANCE AND GERMANY

The agricultural situation in Europe

Europe faces climate, environmental and demographic challenges, as well as human and public health challenges. Between 1993 and 2007, the number of farms and the labor force decreased by 22% in Europe, in favor of ever larger structures. [1] Under the effect of market liberalization, declared socio-psychological distress is increasing. Indeed, mental and physical health is closely linked to the economic, social and political environment[2].

This state of the agricultural situation is different according to the national particularities encountered in each country.

[1]Peyronnard, M. (2019). Les défis de agricole de l’Europe. www.fne-aura.org

[2]Droz, Y., Miéville-Ott, V., Jacques-Jouvenot, D. & Lafleur, G. (2014). Malaise en agriculture, Une approche interdisciplinaire des politiques agricoles France-Québec-Suisse, Karthala.

The agricultural situation in Wallonia

In Wallonia, there is a decrease in the useful agricultural area acting in parallel with an increase in the average area per farm. In this agronomic context, Walloon farmers face multiple challenges: financial, psycho-social and human.

The agricultural situation in France

With an economic model that puts farmers under pressure, France shows strong signs of distress among farmers, with an alarming suicide rate: a farmer commits suicide every day in France (MSA 2015 data).